Disc herniation most commonly results from a gradual, age-related wear and tear called disc degeneration.
As we age, our spinal discs have a reduction of their water content, contributing to their reduction in flexibility and making them more prone to rupture with even the slightest back strain or twist. Although most pain sufferers can not determine the exact cause of their herniated disc, employing your back muscles instead of your leg and thigh muscles to lift particularly heavy objects can lead to a herniated disc. It is relatively rare for a herniated disc to be caused by a traumatic event, such as a sudden fall or a severe wallop on the back.
There are 3 major factors that may increase your risk of a herniated disc. These may include:
⦁ Genetics – people can be born with a susceptibility to developing a herniated disc.
⦁ Weight – excess body weight (obesity) causes extra stress on the discs in your lower back.
⦁ Occupation – occupations that are physically taxing have a much greater risk of back problems due to repetitive motions, such as heavy lifting, pulling, pushing, twisting and bending, raise your risk of a herniated disc.